The bold plan to build a new home on the Moon
Would you want to live on the Moon? Fifty years since we first walked on the Moon, humanity is considering going back — this time to stay. What would life on a Moon base be like?
The USA wants to send the first woman to the Moon by 2024. Europe wants to build a permanent “Moon Village”. China, Russia and India all have their own plans for lunar exploration. Meanwhile, several private companies are racing to be the first to send tourists to the Moon for a holiday.
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Fifty years after humans first walked on the Moon, many on Earth are now hoping to go back. What would it be like to live there?
Not easy, that’s for sure. A Moon base would most likely be built at its south pole, where there is a lot of frozen ice for drinking and growing food. However, there is no atmosphere on Mars, which means you could not go outside without wearing a spacesuit and oxygen tank.
Moon “days” are extremely long: around two weeks of daylight, followed by two weeks of night. Temperatures swing from very hot (up to 127C) to very, very cold (down to -173C).
However, it is not all bad. The Moon has around one-sixth of Earth’s gravity, which means you could have fun bouncing outside in your spacesuit!
Would you like to live on the Moon?
Yes — it would be so exciting! Humans have always had a desire to explore. The Moon is our closest neighbour and the next logical place to go. The first people to settle there would get to be part of a brand new society that they could shape however they liked. History would remember them forever. Who could turn down an opportunity like that?
I am happy enough on Earth, thanks. Living on the Moon would be dangerous, difficult and fairly unpleasant. Why would you trade flowing water and breathable air for a barren rock, a quarter of a million miles away? Humans evolved on Earth and, as a result, it is perfectly suited to our needs. We would be foolish to leave it behind.
- Would you live on the Moon?
- Have a go at designing your own “Moon Village” at the Moon’s south pole. There’s a lot of ice nearby. What else would the settlement need to survive?
Some People Say...
“Exploration is really the essence of the human spirit.”Frank Borman, US astronaut
What do you think?
- Related to the Moon.
- Owned by a person or group of people (as opposed to a country), usually to make profit.
- A layer of gases surrounding a planet.
- The gas which humans and other animals breathe to stay alive.
- The force which attracts something towards the ground. It is the same force which keeps the Moon, Earth and other planets in orbit.
- To make a permanent home.
- Unable to produce life.
- Developed over many thousands of years.