This week, people around the world will spend millions on clothes, toys, computers and even fridges on the most important shopping day of the year. But why? What is Black Friday all about?
What is Black Friday?
It is the popular name for the day after US Thanksgiving. When shops reopen after the Thursday holiday, they put on the biggest sales of the year.
Lots of people see Black Friday as the first day of the holiday season. They use it as a chance to buy all their presents cheaply. In popular stores, people even queue outside the door before it opens in the morning.
How did it get its name?
For many years, a “Black Friday” was when lots of things went wrong. It was first used to describe the day after Thanksgiving in the 1950s. People would spend it shopping before the weekend. It was unpopular with police in Philadelphia because the busy shopping streets meant they had more work to do.
Now, many people believe Black Friday describes the day that shops move out of the “red” and into the “black”. This means that they have started to make more money than they need to spend, so they can offer their products at a lower price.
Is it just an American thing?
Not any more! The tradition may have begun in the US, but in recent years shops in countries all around the world have started taking part. It is a great way to buy gifts for Christmas at much cheaper prices.
Each year, British people spend the most money outside of the US and Canada. But Germany is not far behind, and the seasonal sales are also popular in South Africa, Saudi Arabia and Australia.
Will it be different this year?
Many countries around the world are facing strict coronavirus restrictions. Many shops are shut. Long queues for sales are impossible.
This is not necessarily bad news for shops. Online sales in the UK have gone up by 61%. Lots of retailers hope that November will be a record-breaking month for online shopping. The change just means that people will be racing to snap up deals on their computers and phones instead of queuing for hours outside.
Sounds great, what’s the problem?
Black Friday is not popular with everyone. Some say that it makes us focus too much on spending money and buying presents. They say we should be giving thanks and spending time with loved ones. They also say that buying more is bad for the environment because it encourages us to throw away more.
Others say that big companies like Amazon make too much money from the sales meaning that small shops lose out.
What is buy nothing day?
Buy Nothing Day is a kind of protest called a boycott. It takes place at the same time as Black Friday. It was set up by a group of people who thought that Thanksgiving and the holiday season should not be based on wanting to “have things”.
The first Buy Nothing Day took place in 1992 in Canada. Now, people in more than 65 countries take part. For some people, it is a much more meaningful holiday – a chance to celebrate using less, and throwing less away.
- Does Black Friday ruin the spirit of Thanksgiving?
- Imagine you own a shop. Make a digital poster that you could share to encourage people to buy things from you online.
- US Thanksgiving
- Celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November, it is a time that Americans give thanks for the year. Many get together with their families and share a meal. Canada also has a Thanksgiving holiday, but it is celebrated in October.
- There was always a traditional American football match between the Army and the Navy on the Saturday after Thanksgiving. Lots of people used the Friday to do their shopping so they would be able to watch the game.
- A city in the American state of Pennsylvania.
- This describes when shops are in debt. It means that they are spending more money than they make from selling things.
- A boycott is when you refuse to buy, use, or go to something, in order to make a protest or bring about a change. This boycott is unusual because it is a protest against buying anything at all. For one day, people refuse to spend money in shops or online to protest against the greed they think is represented by Black Friday.